“Your Reverence writes me that you would like to know whether the Negroes who are sent to your parts have been legally captured. To this I reply that I think your Reverence should have no scruples on this point, because this is a matter which has been questioned by the Board of Conscience of Lisbon, and all its members are learned and conscientious men. Nor did bishops who were in Sao Thome, Cape Verde, and here in Loando–all learned virtuous men–find fault with it. We have been here ourselves for forty years and there have been among us very learned Fathers… never did they consider the trade illicit. Therefore we and the Fathers of Brazil buy these slaves for our service without any scruple.”(A letter dated March 12, 1610, from Brother Luis Brandaon to Father Sandoval in response to the inquiry if the capture, transport, and enslavement of African blacks was legal by church doctrine – Quoted from “A People’s History Of The United States” by Howard Zinn)

This is a book, A People’s History Of The United States by Howard Zinn, that my cellmate was reading 10 years ago. He would let me read excerpts but I never committed to reading this book until now, a decade later.(Better late than never right?)
If this is how virtuous learned men of the church felt about the enslavement of human beings, how can we be surprised by the acts of inhumanity that evil ignorant men are committing today in the name of religion? Just my thoughts!

Halim A. Flowers


Halim Flowers
Halim Flowers
DOB- 09-01-80
Washington, D.C.
30 years to life
Contact Information-
Halim Flowers
Federal Correctional Institution Gilmer
P.O. Box 6000
Glennville, West Virginia 26351

My name is Halim Flowers and I am an author, poet, blogger(CriminalU.co), and at-risk youth advocate. I have been incarcerated for 18 years, since I was 16 years of age for aiding and abetting a felony murder in a case where I was not the shooter and the person charged as the gunman had his case dismissed and was never tried for this offense. I know it sounds crazy but it is my destiny for now and I embrace. My passion in life is learning and helping to enlighten and inspire others, especially helping to develop the character and lives of young men. I was featured in an Emmy award winning documentary about my experiences as a child at the adult D.C. Jail titled "Thug Life In DC"(See Thug Life In DC at YouTube) and I have authored nine books in the genres of self-help, prisoner reform, juvenile justice, memoir, and poetry(See Halim Flowers at Amazon.com). I very contrite for my past criminal offenses and seriously committed to helping our youth to understand "Victim's Impact" and breaking the "school-to-prison pipeline".